A new economic
study of the controversial Sunset Falls Dam on Washington’s South Fork of the Skykomish
River, reveals the power generated at the proposed site would cost 2.3 times more than the
Snohomish County Public Utility District (SnoPUD) estimates. Rocky Mountain Econometrics
(RME), an economic, business and energy consulting firm in Boise, Idaho, evaluated the proposed
dam using SnoPUD’s own data and, contrary to SnoPUD claims, concludes that the proposed
• Would not be price competitive with better renewable power alternatives
• Would not complement renewables such as wind and solar generation
• Would not provide reliable power
• Would not fit SnoPUD’s power needs, and
• Would not provide power for ratepayer homes when it is needed
SnoPUD maintains that the Sunset Falls Dam would have an assumed cost of power of $72.50 Megawatt
hours (MWh) and an annual revenue requirement of $8,982,750. The RME report finds that
adding in project-related costs of financing, operations and maintenance, the proposed
dam’s actual cost of power would be much higher at $166 MWh, with a revenue requirement of
nearly $21 million. This does not include the cost of aesthetic, recreation and natural
The South Fork drops over a series of three waterfalls, each with dramatic backdrops of Mt. Index
and the North Cascade Mountains. Two of these waterfalls, the 40 foot Canyon Falls and the 104
foot Sunset Falls, would be reduced to a trickle by the Sunset Falls Dam. The threat from
this project to fish and wildlife habitat, water quality and quantity, recreation, the aesthetic
values of one of Washington’s most impressive rivers, and the character of the river
community spurred American Rivers to name the South Fork one of America’s Most Endangered
Rivers in 2012.
“This study is another nail in the coffin for the Sunset Falls Dam. The math on this
project just doesn’t add up. SnoPUD should abandon its plans to dam the South Fork
Skykomish and instead pursue more suitable energy options,” said Michael Garrity,
Washington State Conservation Director for American Rivers.
“Ratepayers would take a big hit if SnoPUD builds this expensive, unprofitable, and
environmentally harmful dam,” said Andrea Matzke of Washington Wild Rivers.
“Local property owners would lose even more.”
The RME report also finds that the proposed dam would not meet the power needs of SnoPUD
customers as the dam would only generate at capacity in the spring, when the power is not needed.
When demand is high in the winter, the dam would operate far below capacity, and in the
summer from mid-July to mid-October, the second highest demand period, the dam would shut down
completely. RME finds that during low-water years, the dam would operate at as little as 31
percent of its capacity.
“For decades, a dam on the South Fork Sky has been recognized as an environmental,
aesthetic and recreational disaster,” said Rich Bowers with the Hydropower Reform
Coalition. “Now this report shows it will be an economic nightmare as well.”
The South Fork Skykomish is a State Scenic Waterway, a Northwest Power and Conservation Council
Protected Area, and is recommended for federal designation as a Wild and Scenic River for its
remarkable scenic, recreational, fish, and wildlife values.
The next step in the process is for SnoPUD to conduct additional studies on the impacts of the
proposed dam. Once completed, SnoPUD will then apply for a federal license, and the Federal
Energy Regulatory Commission will make the final determination regarding that application.
Sunset Falls has been studied as a site for a new dam at least five times over the past one
hundred years (including attempts by SnoPUD in 1981 and 1991). In each instance,
recognition of the Falls’ natural, recreational and scenic resources, unacceptable impacts
to migrating salmon and steelhead, and each dam proposal’s failure to pencil out have kept
this stretch of river from being developed.
“The South Fork Sky is just the wrong place for a dam,” said Thomas O’Keefe,
Pacific Northwest Stewardship Director for American Whitewater. “In addition to the
loss of two magnificent waterfalls, the river is an outstanding aesthetic and recreational
resource, one of only four Scenic Rivers designated for protection by the Washington State
RME produced the Sunset Falls report on behalf of Hydropower Reform Coalition members Alpine
Lakes Protection Society, American Rivers, American Whitewater, Conservation Northwest, North
Cascades Conservation Council, The Mountaineers, the Washington State Chapter of Sierra Club,
Washington Wild, and Washington Wild Rivers. The Coalition exists to improve and restore rivers
affected by hydropower dams.