Working closely with partner organizations, American Whitewater has successfully orchestrated multiple stewardship projects addressing conservation and public access needs on the White Salmon River in Washington. Federal Wild and Scenic designation has increased, public access points have been established, and Condit Dam was completely removed in 2012, returning the White Salmon to a free-flowing river. American Whitewater’s long term dedication has secured the White Salmon River as a premier habitat for the river’s iconic salmon, as well as a spectacular resource for river enthusiasts nationwide.
Underground aquifers, melting glaciers and steady precipitation provide year-round water for the White Salmon River. Pristine waterfalls cascade out of the canyon walls and tumble into the crystal blue river, capturing the heart of every visitor. “We would often go off on a picnic along the river just to see it bubbling and rushing past,” remarks Phyllis Clausen, former president of Friends of the White Salmon and leader of conservation efforts on the river for decades. “I recognized the power of the river; it was just wonderfully wild.”
Whitewater enthusiasts travel to the White Salmon River all year long, enjoying its consistent water levels through the dry days of summer and its easy access during the snowy winter months. As the most popular river in the Columbia River Gorge, the White Salmon is a staple for Pacific Northwest outdoor enthusiasts and a top destination for boaters nationwide. Thanks to the work of American Whitewater, the White Salmon River has developed a strong and committed following with over 40,000 boaters visiting its waters every year.
Phyllis Clausen remembers the proposal for seven dams in 1976 that would have transformed this spectacular river into a series of reservoirs connected by pipes. Together, community members and local supporters began to voice concerns, stating that the White Salmon River belonged to the fish. Others testified in hearings for the river’s historical significance as a salmon run, successfully preventing additional dam construction and creating a foundation of local stewardship efforts. Whitewater paddlers quickly recognized the value of the river as a truly world-class paddling destination.
In 1992 we made our original request for a dam removal study (read our request). In our request we wrote that a study was needed to “determine the recreation, fishery, flood damage mitigation, power production and other impacts associated with the removal of impoundments and in returning the White Salmon River to its truest sense of 'run-of-river'.” In 1993, during scoping for the Environmental Impact Statement, we requested “a detailed analysis of the whitewater boating opportunities in the lower White Salmon River that would be reestablished under a dam removal alternative, as well as the economic value associated with those expanded whitewater boating opportunities” (read our request).
American Whitewater joined conservation groups and resource agencies as a signatory to the 1999 Settlement Agreement for the removal of Condit Dam. Over the past several years, we have served in a leadership capacity in guiding this important project through a complex regulatory process. With the dam breached in October 2011, the deconstruction of Condit Dam is a benchmark for national river restoration. The project has opened thirty-three miles of critical cold spawning habitat for steelhead and fifteen miles for salmon, both endangered species. Removing Condit Dam has revealed five miles of restored river that will provide future recreational opportunities. After a century, the White Salmon River is once again completely free-flowing from Mt. Adams to the Columbia River.
Since that original request for a dam removal study in 1992, American Whitewater worked over two decades on this high-profile river restoration project. The dramatic draining of the reservoir, taking only an hour, and rapid return of the river was the first of its kind, enhancing our knowledge base on dam removal and river restoration. The White Salmon will continue to serve as a premier example of successful river stewardship endeavors for future generations.
American Whitewater has represented recreational users on the White Salmon as part of the community effort to gain additional protection for the White Salmon River and keep it free-flowing. The Middle White Salmon, one of the most popular commercially run sections of river in the Pacific Northwest, received federal Wild and Scenic designation in 1986 through the Columbia Gorge Scenic Act. American Whitewater also worked closely with Friends of the White Salmon and American Rivers to designate an additional twenty-two mile stretch near the river’s headwaters in Gifford Pinchot National Forest in 2005. These efforts represent a remarkable achievement for a river that at one time was only valued for its hydropower potential.
American Whitewater helped rally public support for the Trust for Public Land and their efforts to bring a key access point in the town of BZ Corner into public ownership. The eleven-acre parcel is managed by the Forest Service and guarantees future enjoyment of the White Salmon River. Upgrades to the site have included installation of a raft slide to minimize impact and improved restroom facilities for the public. American Whitewater continues to work toward gaining additional access points along the river.
More than two decades after we first investigated the recreational potential of a restored White Salmon River, and a year after a blast of dynamite punched a hole in the base of Condit Dam, the river is now navigable from the headwaters all the way down to the Columbia River! The White Salmon Narrows is a technically challenging new stretch of whitewater that is officially open to paddlers with the skill set to enjoy it safely. Paddlers running this section of river should be solid Class IV boaters who are comfortable running unfamiliar sections of river.
Removal of Condit Dam is nearing completion and we are getting ready to celebrate the moment on Saturday September 29th. Contractors still have equipment in and along the river that will be removed over the next couple weeks and a log jam resulting from the dam breach still needs to be addressed. It's important for paddlers to wait until this work is done and everyone considering this reach needs to understand the hazards associated with the class IV/V entrance drop into the Narrows.
The contacts below include staff and volunteers working on this project. Make sure you are logged in if you wish to join the group.
|Thomas O'Keefe||Seattle WA||Details...|
|Lisa Jeidy||Portland OR||Details...|
|Brian Vogt||Tukwila WA||Details...|
ACTION ALERT: Restore the White Salmon River
September 22, 2009
White Salmon Riverfest and Symposium
May 27, 2009
2007 Top Ten Stewarship Issues: Update
November 7, 2007
New Development in Condit Dam Removal (WA)
July 20, 2006
White Salmon Designated Wild and Scenic
August 3, 2005
White Salmon River (WA) BZ Access
June 25, 2002
Condit Dam (White Salmon River WA) Removal Agreement
October 26, 1999
Thanks Next Adventure and Portland Boaters!
January 20, 2007
Opportunity to Support Condit Dam Removal
October 19, 2005
Washington State Gives Condit Dam Removal Green Light
October 12, 2010
Condit Dam Removal Takes Another Step Forward
November 16, 2010
Feds Support 2011 Condit Dam Removal (WA)
April 21, 2011
Anticipation Builds for Condit Dam Removal (WA)
July 27, 2011
Restoring the White Salmon River Film Released (WA)
October 11, 2011
Washington's White Salmon River Runs Free Again!
October 26, 2011
White Salmon River near Condit Dam still off limits (WA)
November 1, 2011
Temporary Closure of White Salmon River Access (WA)
November 22, 2011
Year of the River Film Released on Elwha and White Salmon (WA)
February 15, 2012
White Salmon River Homecoming Celebration (WA)
September 7, 2012
The White Salmon is Officially OPEN!!
November 3, 2012
Comments of Columbia Riverkeeper, Friends of the White Salmon, American Rivers, American Whitewater, and Friends of the Columbia Gorge on the proposed Husum/BZ rezone.
Comments of American Rivers, American Whitewater, Trout Unlimited, Friends of the Columbia Gorge, Friends of the White Salmon, and The Mountaineers regarding state certification for Condit Dam removal.
American Whitewater comments on the state environmental analysis for removal of Condit Dam.
Fact sheet on dam removals scheduled for the Pacific Northwest.
Prepared by GreenWorks and Kleinfelder for PacifiCorp Energy
Management Plan guiding activities within the Wild and Scenic River corridor on the Lower White Salmon River.
A Special Publication of the Hydropower Reform Coalition on Dam Removal in the Pacific Northwest.
Comments on License Application for the Condit Project on the White Salmon River.
Report on whitewater recreation downstream of Condit Dam completed as part of studies for the relicensing of the hydropower project.