Nantahala - 3. Power Plant to Wesser


Nantahala, North Carolina, US

Disclaimer

3. Power Plant to Wesser (Lower Nantahala)

Usual Difficulty II+(III) (for normal flows)
Length 8 Miles
Avg. Gradient 36 fpm
Max Gradient 63 fpm

Nantahala Falls


Nantahala Falls
Photo of Bernie Farmer by Monocacy Canoe Club

Gauge Information

Name Range Difficulty Updated Level
NANTAHALA RIVER NEAR HEWITT, NC
usgs-03505550 500 - 2000 cfs II+(III) 01h21m 694 cfs (running)


River Description

For river levels, releases, and other info call Duke Energy at 1-866-332-5253.

There is a new gage for the Nantahala that was negotiated by American Whitewater and is provided by Duke Power. The gage is below the powerhouse so it will be influenced by power generation. Power generation is typically around 700 cfs, and has a very blocky pattern on the hydrograph. Any additional flow is almost definately coming from the cascades reach. This is a new gage and we'll figure out a system for predicting flows soon.

RIVER DESCRIPTION
The Nantahala is the classic southeastern river for entry level whitewater. Its safe to say that the Nantahala is one of the most rafted streams in the country. Its probably safe to say that more beginners have swum while learning on this river than most others.

The majority of the run is cold, splashy class two water. Nantahala falls is the class three exception to the rule. Pattons Run, the first rapid just around the corner from the put-in, sometimes gives beginners a hard time.

The Nantahala's most notable feature is its dam-controlled, cold water. Figure about 45 degrees. The river usually runs 7 days a week, except for the month of November when the dam is taken off line for maintenence. Call Duke Energy to see if the river is running.

The river is completely roadside along US 19 and US 74 about an hour west of Asheville, between Bryson City and Andrews, North Carolina. The Forest Service maintains the put-in. The take-out is behind the Nantahala Outdoor Center on river left. NOC maintains a large parking area.

For the Best Info on the Nantahala check out Chris Bell's Asheville Area Boating Beta page.

Also check out the Forest Service site.

The following description is courtesy of The Asheville Area Boating Beta Page (boatingbeta.com). To view it in a new window, click here.
 

Rafting passengers ride Class III Nantahala Falls. Copyright NOC. Used with permission.   Nantahala Gorge, NC
(Beechertown to Wesser)


Class

Flow

  Gauge
II+ (III) 3.5 feet / 586 cfs   The Nantahala runs almost all the time except the month of November and -- for the past two (drought) years -- the month of December. Water is frequently, but not always, released most of the day. Release schedules are available by calling Duke Energy at 866-332-5253. Except during floods, the Nantahala is either "on" (water is being released at 3.5 feet / 586 cfs on the gauge just upstream of Ferebee Park) or "off."
 
Character: The ultimate training run: playable, relatively safe, dependable release and level
Scenery: Very pretty roadside run in a deep gorge. Can get very crowded summer weekends.
Distance from Downtown Asheville (to take-out): 85 minutes
Length: 8.0 miles
Season: All (except month of November and sometimes December)
Other sections: Nantahala Cascades
Put-in: USFS put-in at Beechertown (on left just past the turn from US 19/74 onto SR 1442)
Take-out: On river left, just below the steel automobile bridge on the Nantahala Outdoor Center's property
Directions from Asheville (to take-out): Take I-40 West to Exit 27 (US 23 / 74 / Great Smoky Mountains Expressway). Stay on US 74 all the way to the Nantahala Gorge. The take-out is on river left, just below the steel bridge you'll see on your right as you enter the Gorge. Here's a map of the last part of the drive (the take-out is on the NOC's property).
Shuttle: Follow US 74 upstream eight miles, turning left onto SR 1442 and then left again into the put-in parking lot. Even better, park at the NOC and catch a shuttle to the put-in. The shuttles run every hour on the hour from from April through October. There is a fee involved and season's passes are available.
Other access points: Ferebee Park, three miles downstream from the Beechertown put-in. Many others possible if needed from the road following the river.
Camping: Many options, including those described on the GreatSmokies.com website (look for campgrounds advertising their proximity to the Nantahala) and J. Mitchell's mountain biking page. The Tsali mountain biking trails are located approximately twenty minutes from the Nantahala Gorge take-out.
Gradient   Nantahala Gorge elevation profile. Copyright Chris Bell. Click for larger image.
  Average: 36 fpm
  By mile: 8.0 miles:
33, 55, 48, 28, 20, 25, 30, 44
  Maximum: 73 fpm (over 0.55 miles)
  Maximum half mile: 73 fpm
  Maximum mile: 63
Guides  
  Online: American Whitewater's Nantahala Gorge Page Amy Walker's Nantahala Guide (from the NOC site)
  Print: Bob and David Benner's Carolina Whitewater: A Canoeist's Guide to the Western Carolinas
Maps: Road map to the NOC.
Photos: NC, SC and TN Rivers & Creeks Gallery
Other:

Don't forget to pay the USFS use fee: $1 for daily use or $5 for a season's pass. Among other places, you can pay your fees at the NOC rental building or at the NOC Outfitter's Store.

 


Everyman's River
by Amy Walker

Nantahala Racing Club member Lee Sanders, Olympic Team Trials Qualifier. Copyright NOC. Used with permission.

Lee Sanders

On any day in the height of summer on the dam-controlled Nantahala River in Western North Carolina, you'll see a colorful parade of rafts, kayaks, canoes and inflatable kayaks ("duckies") floating downstream. Rafting outfitters began to offer commercial trips during the early 1970's. Today, even with U.S. Forest Service permit restrictions, it's estimated that as many as 160,000 individuals float the river in rafts alone. The Nantahala as we now know it, from its headwaters at Standing Indian Mountain on the Georgia state line to its mouth at Fontana Lake, is a nationally-recognized river of recreation, a river of play and sport.

The Nantahala, a Class II-III river, is considered ideal for both the first-timer and experienced rafter, as well as for private boaters of any skill level (novice to advanced). With a wealth of rapids running the length of river, there's plenty of fun for rafters, kayakers, and canoeists alike. Families particularly like this river since USFS regulations stipulate that participants can weigh as little as 60 pounds, enabling many children to participate. Outfitters provide the equipment and safety gear needed for the trip down the river (lifejacket, splash pants, etc) and many also offer rental rafts or "ducky" trips, depending on water levels.

From put-in to take-out, the rafting stretch is eight-and-a-half miles, lasting about two-and-a-half hours on the water for a commercial trip. Private boaters also use the Forest Service's commercial put-in and must pay a $1 fee for daily use or $5 for a season's permit. The put-in is just downstream of a power plant, where a feeder pipe brings water from Nantahala Lake, high above the river corridor, down to the generator. During power production, the discharge from the Nantahala plant, at 586 cubic feet per second, fills the Lower Nantahala Gorge and enables it to play host to fishermen and whitewater enthusiasts alike.

Downstream of the put-in, there's a historical plaque commemorating the botanist William Bartram, who traveled the area in the spring of 1776. The tree-covered ridges of the Gorge are home to evergreens such as white and pine, and hemlock: along the river are larger deciduous trees such as tulip, poplar, sycamore and beech. Among the wildlife are black bear, wild turkeys, deer, kingfishers, cardinals and wrens, to name a few. There are places along the Nantahala where high cliffs continue to shut out the direct sunlight until nearly noon, making the name "Nantahala" appropriate as a version of the Cherokee "Nundayeli", meaning "middle sun" or "midday sun."

With over 20 named rapids, the Nantahala has plenty of exciting fun for boaters, and calmer areas for simply floating and quietly appreciating the natural beauty of the river. The fun begins with Class III Patton's Run followed immediately by Class II+ Tumble Dry. Downstream of Ferebee Park is the well-known Delabar's Rock, featuring two Volkswagen sized rocks on river left, one after the other, and Delabar's Rock on river right, a diamond-shaped rock known for flipping rafts!

Whirlpool Rapid is marked by a large slanted rock on river left, behind which is the infamous whirlpool -- a powerful eddy known to many boaters. Kayakers and canoeists can be seen surfing the wave that furls off the rock or getting enders if their playboats are small enough. This is a huge mass of surging, squirrelly water, great for kayaker's squirts and play moves. Seasoned raft guides sometimes take delight in playing here, using the eddy's powerful line to catch a corner of the raft and create some fast spins. If a rafter falls in, they may take a few turns before the next boat picks them up!

A fitting climax to the run, Nantahala Falls is just above the usual take-out. Some kayakers and canoeists prefer to break the Falls down into a few steps, eddy-hopping their way down using Truck Stop eddy and others. At the base of the Falls is the area where kayakers and canoeists may spend much of their time perfecting play moves or practicing ferrying techniques.

A spectator's area on river right ensures that the Falls is a social spot where folks congregate to watch the action from above. Outfitter photographers also set up their equipment here beneath brightly colored umbrellas, capturing the most intense action of the day. For those who didn't successfully run Nantahala Falls, it is a short easy walk upstream to the top of the rapid, for another attempt!

Amy Walker (used with permission)

 

North Carolina's Nantahala: A River of Riches
by Amy Walker

On any whitewater adventure down the Nantahala, there's ample opportunity to float on flatwater and gaze at the wealth of botanical wonders that line the river corridor. Downstream of Patton's Run rapid near Tumble Dry, on the highway on river left, there's a historical plaque commemorating the botanist William Bartram. Bartram spent the spring of 1776 traveling through the Southern Appalachians in pursuit of new plants and traced the Savannah River to the Little Tennessee and then on to the Nantahala, encountering a forest of fast-growing evergreen species, black spruce and balsam fir, along with alder and birch.

In addition to Bartram's findings, botanists have since identified 1500 to 2000 species of plant life. Today we continue to appreciate azalea and laurel in early summer, rhododendron in June and treasures such as wild tiger lilies in August. Add to that floral palette daffodils, trillium and even kudzu! From the vantage point of the water, trees dominate the steep ridges that create the Gorge -- evergreens like white pine, hemlock and yellow pine, while tulip, poplar, sycamore and beech are the larger trees directly along the river banks.

There are many ideal points while on the river to look up to the sky beyond the steep ridges that are characteristic of the area. So steep are the ridges, anthropologist James Mooney writes, that the noted hunter Tsasta'wi would stand on a bluff overlooking his settlement and throw the liver of a freshly-killed deer down onto his roof. Supposedly his wife would have it prepared for him by the time he descended the mountain! Nantahala Lake and the surrounding area were home to the Cherokee one thousand years ago and there is evidence of settlers ten thousand years ago.

The geology of the Southern Appalachian mountain system is such that the terrain does not have the natural storehouses that are typical of the northern system -- lakes and glacial deposits. Sudden rainfalls bring rapid rises and falls to the Southern Appalachian stream flows. With the establishment of the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) in 1933, a system of dams and lakes were created to harness flood conditions and use Appalachian water power to produce electrical power.

On the approach to the put-in by road, the power plant comes into view, an imposing cage of steel and wire, as well as the feeder pipe that brings water to the plant from the Nantahala Lake high above the river corridor. The Nantahala Hydroelectric Project -- Nantahala Lake (reservoir), pipeline and tunnels -- completed in 1942, today serves 50,000 customers in five Western North Carolina counties (Swain, Macon, Jackson, Graham and Cherokee). As much as the Nantahala's known for recreation, it's also a river of utility. Literally, a river of power.

Among the many unique natural features of the Gorge is below Patton's Run rapid, where the river surprisingly takes a 90 degree bend to the right. Writing for the Asheville Citizen-Times in 1992, Bryson City, NC-based writer George Ellison wrote "Few of the thousands of whitewater enthusiasts who set off from this area...realize that it's one of the most significant geological sites in the southern mountains." It was proposed by geologist Arthur Keith that the river originally ran northwards from Georgia, but was hijacked by a resolute limestone strata and made to run in the easterly direction it follows today. Put forth by Keith early this century, the theory continues to hold.

While the Nantahala is dam-controlled and it flows at the whim of a switch, it is by no means benign. Its character can change swiftly, thanks to the heavy rains that grip the area from time to time. Take, for example, the year 1990. During the Nantahala '90 International Raft Rally, the river reached 10 feet in flood stage -- quite a departure from the typical 3.5 ft. The river was transformed into a raging torrent with well-known features blown out, race gates washed away, and the assembly area drowned. A relief operation of dozers, gravel and whitewater enthusiasts kept the raft races on schedule as competitors from all over the world met the mighty(!) Nantahala, many for the first time. Without question, a river of play!

Amy Walker (used with permission)

 


The Asheville Area Boating Beta Page:

Information:
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Guides: Books Online
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MyFlows Live Gauges
Green River Flows Page
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Runs:
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Copyright 2000-2002 [Chris Bell (email), Asheville, NC].
All rights reserved.
Revised: November 29, 2002.

 


StreamTeam Status: Not Verified
Last Updated: 2011-06-23 02:20:13

Editors

Stream team editor

Rapid Summary

Mile Rapid Name Class Features (Legend)
0.2Patton's RunII+
3.0Ferebee ParkN/APutin Takeout Access
3.1Delebars RockII+
3.5Quarry RapidII+Playspot
4.5WhirlpoolII+Playspot
5.5Picnic RockPhoto
5.7Surf RapidIIAccess Playspot Photo
7.4The BumpII+Photo
7.8Nantahala Falls aka Lesser WesserIIIPlayspot Photo
7.9The Wave under the bridgeII+Playspot Photo
8.0Worser Wesser5.0Hazard

Rapid Descriptions

Patton's Run (Class II+, Mile 0.2)

This one gives novices, beginners and rafters the most trouble. Hug the inside of the curve and stay off of the rock on the outside of the bend. After that splash thru the waves at the bottom.



Ferebee Park (Class N/A, Mile 3.0)

Alternate put-in/take-out.



Delebars Rock (Class II+, Mile 3.1)
Safest route is to the right of the big rock all the current is slamming into.

Quarry Rapid (Class II+, Mile 3.5)
The river will come to a right hand bend then curve back to the left. As you go around the bend the gradient will start to pick up. There will be a couple of waves then a good play hole with eddys on both sides of the river. Loops, Blunts, Cartwheels, have fun.

Whirlpool (Class II+, Mile 4.5)
A fun little surf wave with some really squirly strange water behind it.

Picnic Rock

Raft Bomber

Raft Bomber
Photo of Dan Grimes by Barry Grimes taken 08/11/02


Surf Rapid (Class II, Mile 5.7)

(RM) Surfing Rapid

(RM) Surfing Rapid
Photo of Chan Jones by Rob Maxwell @ Regular

Nice little 12 inch tall wave where lots of southern boaters learned to surf.

The Bump (Class II+, Mile 7.4)

(RM) The Bump & Sign

(RM) The Bump & Sign
Photo by Rob Maxwell @ Regular

Another splashy wave train, with a mid sized hole at the bottom.

Nantahala Falls aka Lesser Wesser (Class III, Mile 7.8)

Nantahala Falls

Nantahala Falls
Photo of Dan Grimes by Barry Grimes taken 08/10/02

A long rapid with two bends in it leading up to the falls. There are some easy to avoid holes in the approach, then eddys on both sides of the river. From there the standard route is left to right following the tongue thru the holes.

The Wave under the bridge (Class II+, Mile 7.9)

(RM) NOC Wave

(RM) NOC Wave
Photo by Rob Maxwell @ Regular

The constantly evolving wave behind NOC. The locals are constantly shifting the rocks around to tweek the wave. Nice surf tho.

Worser Wesser (Class 5.0, Mile 8.0)
Big slide type rapid created when the railroad relocated the riverbed. Lots of sharp rock, and a fairly substanstial hole at the bottom.


User Comments


2011-08-06 02:35:58 (1088 days ago)
Roman RyderDetails
The fee is currently $1 for a day permit or $5 for a season permit. Worser Wesser has been run, but
it's pretty dangerous. The rapid was created by blasting and is full of jagged rocks.

2010-07-11 09:54:21 (1479 days ago)
chriscrob (150671)
Anyone have any beta on running worser wesser? It looks pretty runnable but I have a guide that
lists it as a class 6 unrunnable rapid? There are literally a skull and cross bones...

2005-12-23 18:29:04 (3139 days ago)
Foster LanderDetails
Whirlpool Rapid is (i think) and underrated playspot. So many people flock to quarry hole(that's a
nice hole too) that it's nice to have whirlpool all by myself. There is good eddy access(even
though it is a whirlpool eddy).
There is also a rapid that we call Root Canal because the water flows over roots sticking out of
the water on river left and creates a nice wave train. Root Canal is right after Quarry.
Nantahala Falls can also be run on the right side. Most people go to the left of the top hole- but
lemme tell you, the right side of the top hole, if you know where you're going, is a smooth ride.

2002-03-27 18:30:25 (4506 days ago)
Brad RobertsDetails
Quarry hole has become quite a popular park and play spot. Beware the poison ivey as you walk down
the trail to the hole, and be careful of the speeding 18 wheelers as you unload your boats. Quarry
sees even more crowds on the days the ocoee is not running
Users can submit comments.


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March 2013

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Nantahala River Releases
9:26 pm -9:26 pm est

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Events
Nantahala River Releases Wesser,NC runs 03/10/08 - 03/01/13
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Associated Projects

  • Nantahala Relicensing (NC)
    AW has worked with regional stakeholders to relicense several dams on the Nantahala River and its tributaries since 2000.