Little, Tennessee, US
|Usual Difficulty||III-IV+ (for normal flows)|
|Avg. Gradient||107 fpm|
|Max Gradient||135 fpm|
|LITTLE RIVER ABOVE TOWNSEND, TN|
|usgs-03497300||2.40 - 5.00 ft||III-IV+||00h27m||1.58 ft (too low)|
The Lower Little River, which is from the Sinks to the Elbow, is a great class III+ creek run. If you run the Sinks and the Elbow, you add two class IV rapids to your run. This river pumps up quickly after rains early in the year and has great scenery and clear, cold water. One of our area's classic whitewater runs.
(note: some pictures are large)
Screaming Meanies (IV) First Drop
Screaming Meanies (IV) Second Drop
Silver Diner (III+)
Eddy Out (III+)
Bottoms Up (III+)
Tunnel Rapid (III+)
The Elbow (IV-IV+)
To run the Sinks, carry your boat upstream along the road and put in wherever it looks good. The two drops above the Sinks can get really hairy at high flows (above 3.0 feet). At higher levels the cheat routes on river right open up, allowing you to skirt the powerful hydraulic of the second hole. Be careful on the first drop, there is a pinning rock right in the center of the rapid. You can run center with right angle, catch the halfway eddy, or you can hit the excellent pop up boof into the river left eddy and then peel back out for the runout. Quickly eddy to the right and begin to scout the second drop. I like to ferry to river left eddy for this drop. It's best to run this right of center, boofing off the extreme right side of the drop with a downstream angle. Many catch the eddy on the right, but it does feed back into the hole. After this drop, again eddy to the right.
Now you can decide to portage, cheat, or run the Sinks (IV) main drop. To portage,
ferry to river left before you go under the bridge and take out. To cheat it, hug the far river
right bridge wall and enter the rocky chute and bump your way down. This is only possible at good
water levels. To run the main Sinks line, which is a waterfall of about 10 feet in height, go
with the main flow on river left. Run the center of the falls with a downflow angle. Too
far right and there is a piton to pocket surf, and too far left is a wall. It is
really pretty hard to get too far left. The best approach is a slow one, with a precisely
timed delayed boof stroke on the right, keeping it downstream. The goal here is to land
with your bow up, as the rocks underneath are not friendly. If you can't boof, this
isn't the place to learn. Many swimmers have died here, and even more kayakers have
gotten lucky. Always check the Sinks before running, it tends to collect debris.
A good indication of how much water you will have on the landing is to look for the rock that
sticks up just left of center at the bottom of the main Sinks drop. If you can't see a rock,
there is plenty of water. The main drop has been run with this rock exposed with no problems, but
use your good judgement. Foot entrapments are always a possibility below the Sinks. Ropes can be
set up at the bottom of the Sinks to assist swimmers.
If the Sinks looks too low to run or you're just having second thoughts, you can try the seal launch and still impress the onlookers...
After the Sinks there is a pool, and then the rapids start to pick up again. There are several class II and III rapids to follow, most notably Silver Diner(III+) which after a high quality and drawn out entrance series, offers one of the rivers sweetest boofs at high flows. Following just after is Eddy Out (III+). This is the technical crux of the run, requiring a tight boof move coming out of a river left eddy. The run out is bouncy and shallow, and head injuries are a concern for the upside down boater.
There is a rail slide drop below, run on the left side of the midstream boulder, and then the creek tones down for a mile of scenic class 2-3. After passing Meigs Falls on the left, and then a few more bends, the river passes under a bridge and there is a nice slalom eddy on the wall on river right. After a shallow shoal best run on the right, the river picks up for the final barrage of rapids down to the elbow.
Next, after a nice shoulder boof on the left, is Airplance Turn, a great curling chut coming off of the river left retaining wall. Watch the pocket at high flows, and at flows below 3 feet, look for epic enders. A brief calm brings paddlers into 2 boogie rapids with multiple moves and beautiful green pools. After a pin rock avoidance in the next little drop, regroup for Bottoms Up, one of the best drops on the run. There are two options here. One is the river right boof, but the classic run is down the middle, banking right off of the big midstream boulder and dropping 4 feet into the cauldron below. For extra points, go for the dynamic rockspin into the cauldron. It is fantastic.
After two boogie rapids on a sharp bend to the right, one reaches Tunnel Rapid (III+),
recognized by the tightening of the river and the current pouring into a depression in the river
right wall. A right to left line on this rapid will see you through fine, just wait and
drive in late, so as to get the meat. The reason Tunnel is significant is because just downstream
is the Elbow(IV), a rapid you don't want to just flush into.
The Elbow constricts the whole river into a chute less than 6 feet wide and about 10 yards long. After Tunnel there is a little flatwater and some large rocks that split the stream (and block your view of what's coming up.) Get to the river left bank and climb out to scout the Elbow. The Elbow is best run by staying to far river right. A micro eddy on river right can be caught just before running the drop, but don't blow it here or you'll run Elbow backwards. The preferred route is to hug the river right wall and take a good left stroke to pull you into the main chute and through the rapid. This rapid is easier and less dangerous at higher flows, as the big undercut rock on the left that the water flows into is more covered up. One can also drop in to the chute more center with aggresive downstream speed. An intense left slot line is also doable, but scout before committing, as it is rather tight and a little crucial. Run this rapid only with people ready with rescue support in case of an emergency. A takeout after the Elbow will cut out the miles of class II water down to the "Y", but at high flows this section can also be fun for those who aren't ready for the water above the Elbow.
(Note: You cannot see the Elbow from the road on the way up. You have to look for it. It just happens to be at a bend in the road and it limits your view of the river. Make sure you know where the Elbow is before running this river.)
Watch for strainers on this river after a storm, and always take a look at the Sinks and the Elbow before running them. Undercut rocks are not a big problem on this river, with the exception of the Elbow.
Creekboats, river-running boats, playboats, and open boats all make this run regularly.
Put-in and Take-out:
From the "Y" at Townsend (US321), follow the left split (TN73, Little River Road) as it winds its way up through the Smokies (the right split goes to Cades Cove.) You'll cross one bridge about midway to the Sinks. After passing a "Congested Area" sign you get to the second bridge and you'll see a place to turn in on the right hand side. This is the Sinks. Put in below or above the Sinks. (An alternate put-in is 1/4 mile farther up the road on the left. The Sinks parking lot gets crowded with tourists, so drive on up if it's full. This adds another solid III+ rapid to the run.) Leave the shuttle car either at the pull-off beside the Elbow or at the "Y" in Townsend. To access the Little from south of the Smoky Mt. National Park, take US 441 to just outside of Gatlinburg, then pick up TN 73. Look for the Elkmont Campground on your way in on TN 73. From this point it is about 8.5 miles to the Sinks put-in which will now be on your left.
Please note that the rapid ratings are subjective and depend on water level. For instance, the Screaming Meanies (above the Sinks) aren't very difficult at 2.5 feet, but at levels over 3 feet I would rate the top and bottom drop together a solid class IV.
If you have any other questions or comments, please email me: