Merced, California, US
|Usual Difficulty||I(II) (varies with level)|
|Avg. Gradient||5 fpm|
|Max Gradient||11 fpm|
|MERCED RIVER AT CRESSY|
|cdec-CRS||300 - 5000 cfs||I(II)||01h27m||180 cfs (too low)|
|MERCED RIVER NEAR SNELLING|
|cdec-MSN||250 - 4000 cfs||I(II)||03h26m||202 cfs (too low)|
This is a wonderful class 1 section of river, with nice scenery, busy and frequent rapids, and
frequent maneuvering in the narrow channels. It is suitable for canoes and recreation
kayaks, but there appear to be plenty of spots for whitewater playboat action as
well. This may be one of the nicer sections of valley rivers for beginning
whitewater boaters. The ratio of rapids to flatwater is very
This section is not suitable for unsupervised beginners, except at very low flows. There are many rapids and sections of swiftwater. While the rapids are not large, they can tip a novice and and sweep the unwary into trees and branches.
The Merced River below Merced Falls Dam also shows the incredible devastation from past uncontrolled dredging. Miles and miles of tall river rock mounds were left by huge mechanical dredging barges over a century ago. A thousand years from now, after upstream dams have washed away, the river will probably erode the dredging piles back into natural riverbed. Even now though a beautiful riparian zone has developed along the tamed river, attracting wildlife, fishermen, sightseers and boaters.
Each year a small salmon run returns to the limited spawning grounds below Snelling Diversion (Crocker Huffman Dam). Salmon and Steelhead are reared at the Merced River Hatchery which is operated by the Dept of Fish and Game.
Put in: There is public river access just below Snelling diversion dam. Elevation here is about 293 feet. There is a large turnout along Merced Falls Road and a small ramp down to the water at this spot. It is about 2.5 miles east of Henderson Park. Most of the land between Henderson Park and Merced Falls, appears to be private and posted No Trespassing, with the exception of a few fishing access areas.
You can also explore the next section upstream, Merced— 6) Merced Falls to Snelling Diversion Dam. Merced Falls, is a small dam and hydroelectric plant operated by PG&E under FERC license 2467. There is fishing access only next to the dam. A short ways upstream along the small reservoir at the junction of Merced Falls and Hornitos Roads (where a bridge crosses the reservoir) there appears to be legal access to the reservoir. At least there were no signs prohibiting boat launching. Elevation here is about 348 feet. One can paddle across to the south side of the dam and portage around to access the river downstream of the dam. From Merced Falls it is about 3 miles to the Snelling Diversion Dam which is another portage. Most of the gradient seems to be lost portaging the two dams.
Henderson Park is about 2.5 miles below Snelling diversion and provides public access to the river as well as picnic areas.
In the town of Snelling there is access to the river from 4th street.
The Snelling Road bridge has access on the north side of the bridge (river right). There is plenty of parking space on the shoulder of the road. Elevation here is about 234 feet.
Highway 59 now has shoulders for parking on the northwest side of the Merced River bridge. A large area along the river banks have been landscaped just upstream of this bridge.
The Oakdale Road bridge has a public lot on the northwest side so people can walk across the historic Schaffer Bridge. However, the river access is completely fenced off, with prominent No Trespassing signs. (penal code 602) There is of course a nice big hole in the fence where the public has been accessing this public river, via what is probably public land.
Highway 37 / Santa Fe Ave Bridge appears to have de facto access.
McConnell State Recreation Area is on the Merced River just east of Highway 99. The river is scenic flatwater in this area.
Hagaman County Park. The valley Oaks from here to Hatfield are reported to be especially remarkable.
George J. Hatfield State Recreation Area is on the river near its junction with the San Joaquin River.
The small opening at the put-in below Snelling diversion, opens onto a large slow water pool that is nice for warming up and paddling upstream. Once boaters turn downstream, they immediately encounter the first of many significant small rapids. The river alternates between wide sections of slow water and narrow sections of swiftwater and/or rapids. Rapids are often on curves or S turns. Maneuvering is critical to stay out of trees and frequent overhanging branches. The section down to Henderson Park seemed to have the bigger rapids, but perhaps more flatwater as well. The section from Henderson to the take out bridge has more narrow sections and more fast current, but more tree hazards as well. At least in the Fall of 2007.
The difficulty of this section seems to be similar to or slightly easier than the Kings River from Pine Flat Dam to Centerville (Route 180) in the Piedra area, though with higher danger from strainer trees. Flow at 3200 cfs on the Merced felt similar to 7,000 or more on the Kings River.
Other Information Sources:
Merced River Hatchery is open to the public, weekdays from 8 AM to 5 PM. They raise salmon and steelhead. However, the drive in is a couple miles of rough gravel road without direction signs. The fish pens are locked up and there may not be anyone there unless you call ahead. It might quicker and easier to paddle the short distance upstream from the put-in, especially during periods of low flow.
Merced Irrigation District
Merced Irrigation District Parks Department
9090 Lake McClure Road
Snelling, CA 95369
San Joaquin River Group Authority
Merced River Watershed Library
Lower Merced River and Mustang Creek Watersheds Study
Merced Falls Project: FERC # P-2467, license expires in 2014, so PG&E is probably starting or getting ready to start their relicensing process. It is a small run of the river project, but in water year 2005-2006, this project generated 13,806,300 KWH of electricity.
To search for documents related to this project go to the FERC elibrary. Enter P-2467 into the Docket number box.
Merced River Hydroelectric Project, Federal Energy
Regulatory Commission (FERC) Project No. 2179, also has effects on this reach.
Project is located on Merced River in Mariposa County, California, and consists of 2 reservoirs
(Lake McClure and McSwain Reservoir), 2 powerhouses (New Exchequer and McSwain powerhouses) and
various recreation facilities on Lake McClure and McSwain Reservoir. The Project does not
include any transmission lines, canals or open conduits. The installed capacity of the
Project is 103.5 megawatts. "
|Mile||Rapid Name||Class||Features (Legend)|
|0.0||Put in and largest rapid||N/A|
|5.3||Snelling Road bridge||N/A|
|7.7||Start of Restoration Area||N/A|
|13.1||Big Island split||N/A|
|14.6||Bridge, then weir||N/A|
|18.5||Oakdale Road Bridge||N/A|
|23.8||Road 37 / Railroad trestle||N/A|
|30.5||Highway 99 bridge||N/A|
|49.5||George Hatfield State Rec Area||N/A|
|51.7||San Joaquin River Confluence||N/A|
The biggest rapid is immediately below the put in pool. At low flows (250 cfs) try to find a route to scrape down through the rocks. At 1200 cfs there are nice waves and a horizon line about 2/3's of the way through. At 3200 cfs, there were some fun big rolling waves. You can walk over to the river to scout parts of this rapid from several turnouts along the road.
This county park provides a convenient access point and picnic area. There is plenty of parking, toilets, and picnic tables. The majority of riffles are upstream of this park, so this makes a good take out for those who have only a short time and want to practice whitewater skills.
Take 4th street, south to its end and walk down to the river. There is a pretty long riffle here as well as a channel split. The main channel goes to the right.
There is a large enough shoulder on the northwest side of the bridge for a few cars to park. A trail leads down next to the bridge.
Looking upstream from the J59 bridge and at aerial photos, I wondered why anybody would bulldoze so much of the land along the river. When I paddled this section at 3200 cfs, it became clear. At high flows this area becomes a vast and beautiful flood plain. We were paddling on a huge lake, yet with a ribbon of fast current.
With the construction of a new bridge over the river, there is now designated river access with plenty of parking on the northwest side of the bridge. A trail leads down to the river and a sign states fishing regulations.
Downstream of J59, brush hazards are a bigger problem, along with deciding which channels to take. In a few places, the channel will split, then resplit, then filter through brush. There is generally a clear channel someplace, but it is easy to take channels that are not so clear.
This bridge makes a good landmark for judging time and distance. Below this bridge, the river splits around an island, then passes through a gravel pit lake..
The river forks around a very large island. The left fork loops to the south and back in 1 mile. The right fork cuts directly across in 1/3 mile, but at the end has nasty tree and brush hazards. We got through (feb 8, 2011, 3200 cfs), but wasted time trying to find a route, scared ourselves even on the route we did find and fought with berry bushes. Take the left route.
Mileages from this point downstream are based on taking the right fork but will be adjusted soon.
Some sort of weir backs the river up to divert water into a ditch on the left. The weir is not visible at high flows, so it is probably just a low gravel weir.
A private bridge at mile 14.57 indicates that there is a weir in the river, immediately downstream. At 3200, the weir made an excellent looking play spot with a wide wave. Part of the wave was breaking. There was plenty of room on either side to paddle around the wave.
There is public parking on the northwest side of the Oakdale road bridge. From the parking area you can walk out onto the historic Shaffer Bridge. It is a nice stroll and gives a good view of the river downstream. The up river view is blocked by the newer bridge. Public access to the river is prohibited by penal code 602. Chain link fences completely block access, except where there is a big hole in the fence with a trail leading down to the river. We were not hassled when we left a car here in February and used this area as a take out. Might be very different in the summer.
Some water agreements require the Merced Irrigation District to provide certain minimum flows to this point in the river depending on the time of year. A gauging station is mounted on the downstream side of the Shaffer bridge towards the middle.
There probably are not any or many riffles below this point.
There appears to be a wide shoulder on the north side of the bridge where cars can park. Trails lead to the river.
There is public river access at this state recreation area.
There does not appear to be any public access to the river in this area.
Public park on the river provides access. From here down to Hattfield, the river is notable for one of the most impressive stands of huge Valley Oak trees in the region.
This state recreation area straddles the river. Parking and access is on the north west side, from Kelley Road.
Hills Ferry Road crosses the San Joaquin at the Merced confluence. There is a wide shoulder and trails to the river on the south west side of the bridge. Elevation is about 57 feet above sea level.
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