Elwha - 3. Highway 101 to river mouth (ocean surf)

Elwha, Washington, US


3. Highway 101 to river mouth (ocean surf)

Usual Difficulty II-III(IV) (for normal flows)
Length 8.6 Miles
Avg. Gradient 23 fpm

Entering the Elwha Canyon

Entering the Elwha Canyon
Photo by Thomas O'Keefe taken 08/25/13 @ 470 cfs

Gauge Information

Name Range Difficulty Updated Level
usgs-12045500 500 - 2000 cfs II-III(IV) 01h01m 3210 cfs (too high)

River Description

SEASON: Best after a good winter rain and during snowmelt (November to June), but can be boated throughout most of the year.

FUN FACT: Explore a newly restored river following the removal of Elwha Dam.


With the Elwha Dam gone, the Elwha River is still developing a new river channel through the reservoir sediments of the historic Aldwell Reservoir that begins at the put-in from the Highway 101 bridge. Use caution through this section as wood hazards are constantly shifting and the channel is in a state of flux. This section is a fascinating landscape of old tree stumps from when the forest was cleared a century ago prior to construction of the Elwha Dam. While the whitewater is not difficult the wood hazards demand respect and this section is no place for inexperienced paddlers. You can easily scout the upper section of the reservoir and explore the old reservoir from the old reservoir boat launch (see logistics below).

After you pass through the upper section of the old reservoir, the river cuts through a short canyon at the Gooseneck before opening up into the lower section of the old reservoir. Soon you approach the Elwha Canyon that was once blocked by Elwha Dam.

The rapid at the former dam site is known as That Dam Rapid. If you are traveling downriver you can pull out on river left and climb up the slope to get a partial view of the rapid. Although you can not see much from scouting on this side, it is the best portage option if you do not want to run the drop. A better view of the rapid is available from river right but it's more challenging to get to the best vantage point from river level. It's easy to get there if you drive down before your run.

That Dam Rapid starts with a short entry rapid before the river explodes below through a class IV+ cascade of boulders and holes that is a technical drop at lower flows or a bigwater rapid at higher flows. At moderate flows the standard move through the main drop is to set up in a nice eddy on river right, start right through the rapid, clear the first hole on river left, and work quickly to the tongue on river left to avoid more rocks and holes on river right.

Just downstream of the dam site the river flows through a scenic gorge with some class II rapids. There is a short stretch of flatwater before another class II rapid on the upstream side of the Highway 112 bridge.

Once you pass under the Highway 112 Bridge the river continues to migrate back and forth across the floodplain as sediment from behind the old dams moves through this section.

As you approach the new Elwha Road Bridge, you will pass by the intake for the water treatment plant and an engineered riffle. In some seasons there is a fish weir just upstream of this point that will likely need to be portaged. The bridge has an upper deck for cars and a lower deck for the Olympic Discovery Trail, a great trail if you are looking for other activities in the area to keep you busy (the trail includes two routes, the standard route and the adventure route featuring great singlet track).

Once you pass under the old Elwha Road Bridge the character of the run changes as the gradient tapers off a bit and the channel becomes more braided. At moderate flows there are still a few rapids in this section, but there is also a lot of wood--both engineered and natural log jams. By continuing all the way to the ocean you can end your trip with a bit of ocean surf and experience the new beach that is forming at the mouth of the Elwha River.


Put-In: From Port Angeles take 101 west to mile 239.5 and the bridge across the Elwha River. The access is on river right downstream of the bridge a short ways. If you want to scout the first part of the run continue across to the west side of the bridge and at Highway mile 239.4 Turn right (north) onto Lake Aldwell Road towards Olympic Raft and Kayak (they can provide local beta). Continue on the road 0.2 mile to the end and the old boat launch that was on the reservoir. From here you can hike out onto the old reservoir and spend several hours exploring the former reservoir which is a fascinating landscape of sediment held back by the dam and old tree stumps from the forest that was cut down prior to flooding the reservoir.

Take-Out: From Highway 101 mile 242.5 turn onto Highway 112. Head 2.1 miles west (crossing the river) to Place Road. Turn right (north) and follow this road 1.9 miles to the T junction and then turn right (east) continuing on the short lane to the Elwha Dike access point. Day-use parking is available along the road. Hike a couple hundred yards along the trail towards the ocean for the take-out or park-and-play surfing. Note that private access points that were once used on river right to gain access to the surf at Angeles Point are now closed to the public. An alternate take-out is a couple miles upstream of the mouth on river right under the Elwha RIver Road bridge.

Visit the Dam Site: Historic access was available at the base of the dam and you can go visit the site which enables you to scout That Dam Drop (recommended if you plan to portage or run this drop). From Highway 101 mile 242.5 turn onto Highway 112. Take this road 0.7 miles and just before reaching the Elwha bridge turn left (south) on Lower Dam Road, and turn into the parking lot for the trailhead to the overlook. You can also follow Lower Dam Road 0.4 mile down to the dam site where you will find a trail that leads to the pool below the old dam site. This is a long, steep, and potentially slippery trail that in the past was the only way to launch kayaks at the base of the dam. Alternatively you can easily hike to an overlook where the river right abutment of the dam was. This provides the best overall view of the rapid.

for additional information see:

Olympic National Park website

Korb, G. 1997. A paddlers guide to the Olympic Peninsula. third edition.

Bennett, J. and T. Bennett. 1997. A guide to the whitewater rivers of Washington, second edition. Swiftwater Publishing. Portland, OR.

StreamTeam Status: Not Verified
Last Updated: 2014-07-14 05:35:52


Rapid Summary

Mile Rapid Name Class Features (Legend)
-4.9Elwha CanyonIV+Photo
-3.2Water Intake WeirN/AAccess Photo
0.0River MouthN/APhoto

Rapid Descriptions

Gooseneck (Class N/A, Mile -6.0)

Entering the Gooseneck

Entering the Gooseneck
Photo by Thomas O'Keefe taken 08/25/13 @ 470 cfs

Narrow canyon section that was within the Aldwell Reservoir.

Elwha Canyon (Class IV+, Mile -4.9)

Elwha Canyon Rapid

Elwha Canyon Rapid
Photo by Thomas O'Keefe taken 11/22/12 @ 1800 cfs

The river canyon that was blocked by Elwha Dam for a century.

Water Intake Weir (Class N/A, Mile -3.2)

Water Intake

Water Intake
Photo by Thomas O'Keefe taken 08/25/13 @ 470 cfs

The water intake is on river right but you can paddle past it and the old weir has been reconfigured to allow navigability.

River Mouth (Class N/A)

Elwha Mouth

Elwha Mouth
Photo of Larry Little by Thomas O'Keefe taken 08/25/13 @ 470 cfs

End your trip by paddling out into the ocean and catching a couple of surf waves.

User Comments

Users can submit comments.
May 31 2016 (928 days ago)
Thomas O'KeefeDetails
Park Cautions Elwha River Boaters to Avoid Former Elwha Dam Site Olympic National Park staff urges
all boaters to stay away from the section of river that flows through the former Elwha dam site.
This site is located between U.S Highway 101 and State Highway 112, outside of the Olympic National
Park boundary. A map of the area will follow within minutes. Remnants of the dam's foundation
remain in that area of the river and include long pieces of rebar and other metal shards that
extend close to the water's surface. Boulders and swift currents in the area compound the risks and
boaters are urged to avoid this section of river. "The risk of snagging a boat on the remaining
metal is high and presents a very real danger to boaters and swimmers," said Olympic National Park
Superintendent Sarah Creachbaum. "Until we are able to correct this problem later this year, we
urge everyone to portage around the old Elwha Dam site." The park is working with the Army Corps of
Engineers to develop a plan for removing the metal during this summer's low river flows. Until
then, boaters, tubers and swimmers are urged to avoid the section of river through the old Elwha
dam site. The Elwha River is closed to boating from the Smokey Hill Trail (formerly Upper Lake
Mills Trail) downstream to the Altair Campground. The river is open to boating from the Altair
Campground downstream, but boating through the former Elwha site is strongly discouraged. The
Olympic Hot Springs Road, which provides access into the upper Elwha Valley, remains closed to
motor vehicles at the park boundary due to a major road washout. National Park Service and Federal
Highway Administration engineers have completed plans for repairing and reopening the road. These
plans are currently under review by the National Marine Fisheries Service, a branch of the National
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and U.S. Fish and Wildlife. These agencies oversee
management and protection of threatened and endangered anadromous fish and fish habitat, and are
reviewing plans to ensure that threatened Chinook and bulltrout populations are not adversely
effected. The U. S. Army Corps of Engineers and Washington State Department of Ecology are also
reviewing the park's plans. Once plans are approved, construction will begin immediately and is
expected to take approximately eight weeks to complete. The road is open to pedestrians,
bicyclists, horses and leashed pets. Trails remain closed to pets and bicycles, as normal. Hikers
planning day or overnight hikes into the Elwha Valley will need to begin their hikes at the park
boundary. From the closure, it is a seven-mile walk to the Whiskey Bend Trailhead and an eight-mile
walk to the Boulder Creek trailhead. For more information about visiting Olympic National Park,
including current road, campground and trail conditions, people should visit
http://www.nps.gov/olym. -NPS-
March 18 2014 (1732 days ago)
Konstantin TolskiyDetails
On 1/25/2014 we could not see any trail at the old dam site
August 25 2013 (1937 days ago)
Thomas O'KeefeDetails
Fascinating landscape to explore as a river comes back to life following a century behind a dam.
There are plenty of wood hazards and unstable banks of sediment so proceed with extreme caution.
Parking at the old reservoir boat launch and scouting from land is recommended and makes for an
interesting excursion even if you have no plans to boat. Once you pass through the Goosenecks
things start to clean up a bit. The canyon through the dam site is spectacular and the whitewater
poses a stiff challenge. You can check this out before your run too. At lower flows it's a big and
technical drop. Bring the creek boat--you will want the volume. Below here and all the way out to
the ocean there is more wood in play. We were on it at 470 cfs which turned out to be a good flow
for an initial look at things.
October 27 2011 (2606 days ago)
Thomas O'KeefeDetails
October 27, 2011 For Immediate Release Dave Reynolds 360-565-2985 Contractor to Release Logs Over
Elwha Dam October 28; Natural Wood Transport Restored Barnard Construction, contractor for the
removal of Elwha and Glines Canyon dams, plans a release of logs and large woody debris from the
Lake Aldwell reservoir into the lower Elwha River. On the afternoon of Friday, October 28, about 20
large logs will pass through the temporary diversion channel and be naturally transported
downstream. Falling trees and other debris that naturally enter the river can also be transported
downstream on a daily basis. Fisherman and other users are advised to be cautious and to watch for
floating wood, just as they would on other Olympic Peninsula rivers. -NPS-
December 21 2010 (2915 days ago)
tyler (152647)
WDFW, the Lower Elwha S'Klallam Tribe, USGS, USFWS, NOAA, and the National Park Service have
installed a channel spanning floating fish weir 1 mi downstream of the Elwha Dam/put-in . The
instructions are to portage on the left bank where there is an embankment to climb; a trail exists
of sufficient width for large rafts.
September 2 2008 (3756 days ago)
x (1)
I recently ran the lower Elwha (Aug. 12th, 2008) and it has a major log jam located about 1 mile
from the ocean. The log jam is hidden around a bend and is only foretold by the smaller blockages
you see blocking as you approach the delta of the river. We had to portage our gear via rope and
walk over the river on logs in order to pass the 50 yards of debris. There is no easy way around or
over. I recommend waiting until a big storm moves the jam.
February 14 2005 (5052 days ago)
Jim GallantDetails
As of this writing (2/13/2005), about 3/4 of the way down this stretch, below the weir, there's an
enormous log dam that is impassable. Portaging is difficult at best due to the braided quality of
the river. It took us about an hour and a half to get over and around this thing with a friend, my
SOAR 16 and our 3 kids. Very unsafe clambering over the logs with the water running underneath.
Another portage, although easier, was required not far below this too. Great run except for the log

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Associated Projects

  • Elwha Restoration (WA)
    The Elwha River will be restored by removing two dams that have blocked salmon and degraded recreational opportunities on one of the Pacific Northwest's most spectacular rivers.