Green - 2 - Green River Gorge

Green, Washington, US


2 - Green River Gorge

Usual Difficulty III-IV (for normal flows)
Length 5 Miles

"Grand Canyon" of the Green

"Grand Canyon" of the Green
Photo of Jay Cohen by Thomas O'Keefe В© taken 05/05/07 @ 911 cfs

Gauge Information

Name Range Difficulty Updated Level
usgs-12106700 1000 - 4000 cfs III-IV 00h49m 191 cfs (too low)

River Description

FUN FACT: Fun drops, good play spots, short drive from downtown Seattle, and an incredible gorge.

SEASON: October to May after heavy winter rains.

EVENTS: The annual Green River Cleanup takes place in spring every year and is coordinated by Washington Recreational River Runners and Friends of the Green River.

TAKE-OUT: Most kayakers take out at Franklin Bridge. This bridge is where Green River Gorge Rd. crosses the river. The pace of whitewater slows considerably a short distance beyond the bridge. Although rafters continue the float through the gorge down to Flaming Geyser State Park, most kayakers are ready to call it a day at the bridge (alternatively, you can put-in at Franklin Bridge for a beginner-intermediate trip down to Flaming Geyser). To reach Franklin Bridge from Black Diamond take Lawson St. which becomes Green River Gorge Rd. 4 miles east out of town to the bridge across the Green River Gorge. The takeout is on the right just before you reach this bridge at a gated parking area that is clearly marked as private property. The gate is usually not locked, but make sure you pull the gate shut when you leave. Check with the Washington Kayak Club for current access information and the combination. They arrange for kayaker access (make sure your dues are paid up). Be sure you keep your trash picked up. It is a bit of a hike up from the river to the parking area but not too bad as long as you're on the trail. If your group does not know where the takeout is, it's worth a quick hike down to the river from the parking lot. One trail heads down the hill at the far corner of the parking lot. To reach a slightly lower take-out, follow the road at the end of the parking lot and take an immediate left down another road that extends about 100 yds. From here, head to your right and a short trail that ends at the river.

PUT-IN: From the take-out continue across Franklin Bridge and in 0.5 miles turn left up SE Green River Rd. In 1.8 miles this road will swing hard to te left and becomes 352nd. Continue another 0.3 miles and then turn left on to Cumberland-Kanaskat Rd. (you'll see a sign for Kanskat-Palmer State Park here). Continue 2.3 miles on Cumberland-Kanaskat Rd. and turn left into Kanskat-Palmer State Park (Discover Pass required). Follow the kayaker signs and when you get to a junction indicating you can go either way, head right to reach the upper put-in. If you follow the other road towards the left, an alternative put-in, you will miss Ledge Drop 1.

SHUTTLE: This would be a tough one to hitch. Get out the Gazetteer and beware of shuttle drivers who "think" they remember the sequence of turns. Be sure to watch your speed as you drive through Kanskat-Palmer State Park.

The Green River Gorge is one of the best whitewater trips close to Seattle. Challenging and nearly continuous whitewater, some fun play spots, and incredible scenery make this a place you can't get too often enough. The catch is finding the river with water in it. The ever increasing demands of urban growth and endangered salmon come before paddlers (see King County's Green River Watershed site for the latest information), but after a day or two of intense winter rains you are nearly always guranteed to find the gorge with water.

Another trick to this run is figuring out what the engineers will be doing with the gates--will they open the gates and let more water in or will they shut them down by the time you arrive? Although discharge from the dam often remains constant through the weekend, the engineers do adjust flows over the weekend at high flows of most interest to boaters.

Once you get to the river the action starts within the first 50 yards at Ledge Drop 1 (video footage). At higher water Ledge Drop 1 can be a fun play wave. The river then snakes along the edge of the park, you pass a second access point at a nice set of surfing waves, and then enter the gorge (marked with warning signs). There are several fun rapids (class III and IV) in the gorge. At the lower limit of flows rapids are less continuous with plenty of space to collect yourself before the next drop, but at higher flows these rest spots start to disappear and the class III sequences start to push class IV and the run becomes more continuous.

After about a mile and a half containing several class III rapids you'll reach Pipeline (video footage). This rapid can push class IV but if you're on your line it's fairly straight forward. The drop is at sharp right bend with a boulder bar that extends out from river right. As you round the corner head back hard to river right to avoid the large reversal on river left--the Pipeline which can be hard to see until you're right on top of it.

A few bends after the Pipeline you'll come to the most significant class IV sequence on the run at Mercury and the Nozzle. You can recognize the approach from the powerlines overhead followed by an island with most of the flow going to river right. From this point it's one class III rapid down to the top of Mercury. It's a bad place for swims so be sure your skills are solid if you enter the gorge. If you swim at the entrance to these drops, rescue is very difficult until you've gone through a rather long sequence of rapids and there have been accidents here. The drops are a hoot if your skills are up to it, but can be a real drag if you're chasing swimmers. Be especially careful at low water levels (under 1000 cfs). Although the gorge is sometimes run at these levels some dangerous sieves begin to appear.

You can normally boat scout Mercury and the Nozzle. As you come around the right side of the island head left and you'll quickly be in Mercury. After going through Mercury (video footage), which is a fairly open rapid, there is a good eddy on river left to get set up for the Nozzle at flows up to 4000 cfs. As flows increase you'll probably want to grab the eddy to river right. The Nozzle is a chute between two large boulders and the preferred line is to take this center slot ( video footage). At high flows (above 5000 cfs) the boulders form two large holes. You can still thread them but it's a little intimidating as the drop is very hard to scout and has few landmarks (it pushes class V). The hole to the right is particularly sticky and rescue is basically impossible. At higher water (around 9000 cfs) another option is to run the far right slot, but there is a dangerous sieve here that becomes a death trap at low water (accident report). After running the Nozzle there are several challenging class III+ rapids through a large boulder field before the river settles down for a brief recovery and more good class III rapids (video footage) all the way to the take-out at Franklin Bridge.

As Franklin Bridge comes into view far overhead (video footage) you are nearing the end of the run (note that rafters typically continue on down through the class II and III rapids to Flaming Geyser State Park). Paradise Ledge is a fun playspot that comes shortly after the bridge to the river right side of a large rock (Korb shows how it's done, video footage). You can hike up to the parking lot on river right at a muddy trail just below the ledge. Alternatively, you can continue down through the next set of class III rapids and pull out to the lower access. Pay attention as you boat through this section as it's easy to miss the take-out. There are a few spots where you can climb up and your choices are basically a long gradual climb or a steep muddy scramble.

The run from this point down is a fine beginner-intermediate run, and many kayakers use the Franklin Bridge access as a put-in for the scenic float down to Flaming Geyser State Park.

StreamTeam Status: Not Verified
Last Updated: 2016-01-29 00:13:11


Rapid Summary

Mile Rapid Name Class Features (Legend)
-56.2Ledge Drop OneIIIAccess Photo
-55.7Ledge Drop TwoIIIPhoto
-54.5PipelineIII+Photo Video
-53.8MercuryIVPhoto Video
-53.7NozzleIVPhoto Video
-53.6Let's Make a DealIIIPhoto
-51.0Paradise LedgeII+Access Playspot Photo Video
-48.8Grand Canyon of the GreenIIPhoto
-47.1Highway 169 BridgePhoto

Rapid Descriptions

Ledge Drop One (Class III, Mile -56.2)

Ledge Drop One

Ledge Drop One
Photo by Thomas O'Keefe В© taken 04/26/08 @ 890 cfs

Ledge Drop One is immediately downstream of the put-in. Normally you can find a good line by entering the right side and following the tongue.

Ledge Drop Two (Class III, Mile -55.7)

Ledge Drop Two

Ledge Drop Two
Photo of Jennie Goldberg by Thomas O'Keefe В© taken 04/27/08 @ 900 cfs

Just around the corner from the downstream access point in Kanaskat Palmer State Park you come to Ledge Drop Two. Follow the current around the left and then thread your way the hydraulic at the end.

Pipeline (Class III+, Mile -54.5)
Click Here For Video

Pipeline Rapid

Pipeline Rapid
Photo of Jennie Goldberg by Thomas O'Keefe В© taken 04/27/08 @ 900 cfs

Always a tricky one that has caused many flips. Generally follows the current around towards river left but then drive back to the right to avoid the hole at the bottom.

Mercury (Class IV, Mile -53.8)
Click Here For Video


Photo of Jennie Goldberg, Idamay Curtis, John Gangemi by Thomas O'Keefe В© taken 04/27/08 @ 900 cfs

Keep your eyes out for the powerlines overhead. As you pass under the powerlines and take the river right channel at a small island you will be at the top of Mercury. This marks the start of the most challenging half mile of whitewater on the run. To run Mercury take the right side and grab the eddy on river left to set up for the Nozzle.

Nozzle (Class IV, Mile -53.7)
Click Here For Video

The Nozzle

The Nozzle
Photo of Jennie Goldberg, Idamay Curtis, John Gangemi by Thomas O'Keefe В© @ 900 cfs

On the Nozzle it's important to line up for the center slot between the two large boulders. The far right slot has a severe pin hazard that has caused trouble.

Let's Make a Deal (Class III, Mile -53.6)

Let's Make a Deal

Let's Make a Deal
Photo of Jennie Goldberg by Thomas O'Keefe В© taken 04/27/08 @ 900 cfs

At lower flows this section is not much trouble but at higher flows things happen fast and hydraulics start to form around the large boulders downstream of the Nozzle. You have a couple slots to choose from.


One of the most scenic sections of the river is a nice float as after you pass under Franklin Bridge.

Paradise Ledge (Class II+, Mile -51.0)
Click Here For Video

Ducky at Paradise

Ducky at Paradise
Photo by Tom O'Keefe taken 3MAY03 @ 1100 cfs

A fun play spot around 1400 cfs. Some come here for park and play.

Grand Canyon of the Green (Class II, Mile -48.8)

Grand Canyon of the Green

Grand Canyon of the Green
Photo of Idamay Curtis by Thomas O'Keefe В© taken 04/27/08 @ 900 cfs

One of the most beautiful sections of the Lower Green

Highway 169 Bridge

Highway 169 Bridge

Highway 169 Bridge
Photo by Thomas O'Keefe В© taken 04/27/08 @ 900 cfs

As you pass under the bridge it's another 2 miles down to the take-out at Flaming Geyser State Park.

User Comments

Users can submit comments.
April 15 2018 (95 days ago)
slsdopey (159868)
Ran Green today (4/15/2018) @2980 cfs. No wood blocking entire section of river; although there are
some spots with wood. All can be avoided.
October 30 2017 (262 days ago)
shanna (150424)
Upper Gorge Section - Wood hazard in the "Cleaver" (right side of the island), you can still
squeeze by it on the left, but the wood is not going anywhere soon and it's tight. Best to just
stay left of the island to avoid the criss-crossed logs
October 30 2017 (262 days ago)
shanna (150424)
Wood hazard in "Coal Car" rapid is clear as of 10/29/17, the wood has moved below the rapid in the
flats above "Kay's Landing".. you can get by it on the left.
October 29 2017 (263 days ago)
Joe SauveDetails
Wood hazard in the lower gorge: A couple rapids below Paradise Ledge in "coal car" rapids there is
a tree blocking the main channel. It spans from a large rock on the right to a large rock on the
left. At 1100-1200 cfs it is just below river level with many branches sticking up. We were able to
sneak it both on the left and right, both sneaks are tight and require making a move, but the left
side was a bit more open. Approach with caution and scout! Less experienced boaters would be wise
to wait until this wood washes out before running this section. If you're planning on running the
lower gorge only, you can hike down to Kays Landing to avoid this hazard.
February 27 2017 (507 days ago)
circuitmonkey (151431)
Copied from the WKC website: "There is currently a small tree blocking the entire main channel at
the bottom of coal bucket. avoid tree by catching the eddy on river left and proceeding through the
far left channel and floating over the submerged coal bucket. It is a small tree that will probably
move at the next high water flow. This could be a serious hazard to swimmers."
February 20 2017 (514 days ago)
circuitmonkey (151431)
The river wide wood on the lower gorge is gone. Also SE Green valley road is closed (possibly
though march) just east of the enterance to Flaming Geyser state park. This means an alternate
shuttle route will be needed for most.
April 3 2014 (1568 days ago)
yakrik (12187)
4/2/14 at ledge drop 2. The left route at the top there looks blocked with a wood pile. This is
just below the small rocky island at the top of the drop. We went a bit right of all and at the
1100 cfs we had it was a bit bumpy, but we were able to get back left. From below we were able to
see there is a perhaps 15-20 ft. wide passage thru the wood; this is where I usually go but was
unseen from above. I think we'll just have to be very careful there until another big water
hopefully removes the wood? Another hunk of wood could totally block the channel. I think I will go
slowly to the left of the small island to visualize all this, and be able to hop back right if
May 15 2012 (2256 days ago)
Padler (154443)
Caution: Paddle stuck in Door # 3, the river right chute at the Nozzle. The paddle is stuck in the
right-hand "door" of the three "doors" through the rapid. . The paddle became lodged in the river
during the fatal drowning of rafter and Everett Councilman Drew Nielsen on May 12, 2012 (News
Report). Because of the way that the paddle is stuck, the KC sheriff was not able to remove the
paddle when they removed the raft. The paddle is sticking upstream and could be difficult to see at
some water levels. Boaters are advised to use the "center door" until the paddle is naturally
dislodged or flows become low enough that it can safely be removed. For Updates see the KC boaters
page @
April 20 2012 (2281 days ago)
David ElliottDetails
There is a submerged stick in the right side of Pipeline that is visible under 1200 cfs. You can
run over it in your boat with no problems, but this stick could be a hazard for swimmers. There is
a log over the top of the rock between Door #1 and Door #2 at Let's Make a Deal, and it extends
down into Door #1. Kayaks can make it through Door #1, but larger boats should take one of the
other two doors.
March 8 2012 (2324 days ago)
caribou (154093)
Ran the Upper and Lower Gorge on 03/07/12 at 1300 cfs. The run is completely clear of wood hazards.
The Nossle is clear! One large log wedged on Stano rock at Let's Make a Deal but easily bypassed on
April 5 2001 (6313 days ago)
Thomas O'KeefeDetails
posted to WKC site 3/25/01 Greetings, Hi Folks, I'm a Ranger at Kanaskat-Palmer State Park. I have
a safety concern to voice. This last weekend we had some nice weather and the first release of
water from the dam in a long time. I enjoy rafting and I know how excited people are to get into
the Green River. However, there has been a huge problem with speeding through both Kanaskat-Palmer
and Flaming Geyser Parks. I personally saw a couple dozen kayaker's doing 30-40 in the 15 MPH zone
last Saturday alone. I don't know if they were all members, but I did see some decals. We are very
concerned with the safety of both visitors and employees, so maybe people can watch their speed a
little better. Otherwise some traffic infractions may be written, and nobody really wants that.
Thanks for listening. Park Ranger #311

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Associated Projects

  • Green River (WA)
    AW works with partners to protect flows and the scenic landscape of the Green River Gorge.