This photo needs editing.
Difficulty III-IV+
Length Miles
Gauge FALLS RIVER NEAR L'ANSE, MI
Flow Range 200 - 500 CFS
Flow Rate as of: 3 months ago 196 [CFS] ℹ️
Reach Info Last Updated 01/01/2018 11:02 am

River Description


Quick Facts:
Location: South of L'Anse into Downtown L'Anse.
Shuttle Length: 3.4 miles. (See details in "Directions" Tab.)
Character: Ledges and falls, ledges and falls (and a few slides).
Drainage area at Hwy.41: 48 square miles.

Put-in elevation is approximately 890'.
Take-out elevation is approximately 600' (mean Lake Superior elevation).
Thus total elevation change is approximately 290'.

Information (lat, lng, elev, total drop, run length, shuttle length) adjusted and/or verified from best manual extrapolation of online data (via maps.google.com, distance measuring tool, and other resources). 2009.02.05



The Falls is one of the classic South Shore creek runs and is aptly named as most of the drops are of a ledge type. This run is a good intro to South Shore boating as it is located along the outskirts of L'Anse and is about as forgiving as a stream with this gradient can be.

This run is near continuous whitewater from the start with lighter whitewater between the more notable drops. The two drops of greatest consequence, "Powerhouse Falls" (IV+) and "Asshole" (IV), come early in the run. Some may wish to use an alternate put-in below "Powerhouse Falls", located by carrying in off Power Dam Rd to avoid a portage. Ledge type drops up to 10' ("Big Mo Falls") continue to the Hwy 41 bridge. The final drop to Lake Superior consists of a staircase drop followed by a slide and finally a breached dam.

Removal of a former hydro dam at the end of Power Dam Rd allows one to start at the head of the gradient off Mead Rd and adds a quarter mile of enjoyable warm-up water. As of Spring '00, the traditional put-in off Power Dam Rd was gated and the road in poor condition.


Google Maps has reasonably good resolution aerials of this reach. You can go to the "Map" tab, click 'Satellite' or 'USGS Aerial', double click near (not on, but near) the put-in location icon (or any other spot on the run), zoom to the maximum resolution (without losing image), and do a 'virtual tour' to 'walk' down the reach. However, due to the narrowness of the river on this run (and resulting tree-cover), and not quite optimum resolution, many of the drops are obscured or otherwise not totally apparent.


AW members may click here for Part 2 of an article from the AW Journal, way back in 1981!
(AW members may also click here for Part 1 of the article.)

The article describes the following:
Michigan's

     Upper Presque Isle
     Lower Presque Isle
     Middle Black
     Lower Black
     Upper Silver
     Lower Silver
     Rock

     Falls, (this river/reach)

and Wisconsin's 
     Lower Brunsweiler
     Montreal, W.Fk., and 
     Montreal Canyon.

Rapid Descriptions

Warm-up ledges

Class - III Mile - 0.2
Rapid Thumbnail Missing

Using the upper put-in has two advantages.
One: the road is much better maintained than the road to the former dam site (which, in early/wet season can be snowpacked or a total mud pit).
Two: You get a little more 'warm-up' before getting to the bigger tougher drops on the run.

When the former-dam put-in is reasonably accessible, some boaters may opt for the shorter run, concentrating on the main gradient, foregoing the one or two smaller drops on the upper part of the run and the 'boogie water' down to the site of the former dam.

Alternate put-in (former dam location)

Class - N/A Mile - 0.36
Rapid Thumbnail Missing

Virtually all trace of the former dam have been removed. In its stead, the river is lined for a short stretch with trucked-in boulders to stabilize the banks. No falls, ledges, or significant rapids exist through that stretch -- only boogie water. Thus, many boaters opt to put in at this point, forgoing the one upper drop.

The gauge is at this point, and while it doesn't list drainage area, by my best calculation, it appears to be very near 44 square miles.

Power House Falls

Class - IV Mile - 0.56

A long, usually shallow/grungy lead-in rapids pitches increasingly downward leading to the site of the powerhouse immediately on the river-right bank. The first of the more 'significant' falls lies immediately adjacent to the old building. Center and river-right all have broken pitch dropping mostly onto shallow rock, and are therefore highly recommended to avoid. River-left above the falls is a small eddy from which one can 'stage' to take a few quick strokes and 'boof' the falls.

Ass Hole

Class - N/A Mile - 0.77

This list of rapids is very incomplete, and the specific location (of the indicator on the map) is likely way imprecise. However, we felt it important to mention what is certainly not the biggest drop on the river but what is (perhaps) the most perennially troublesome drop on the river. By the way, the name comes not just from boaters, but from the locals who use the various 'holes' in summer for swimming. This is why it is two separate words (Ass Hole), not just one word (Asshole).

The clues that you have reached this drop are seeing a house on river-right, and seeing the river squeezed between a large hump of rock on the right and a much smaller and lower hump of rock on the left. The flow is funneled into a crease, and drops into a brief pool below. Only a couple boat-lengths downstream, the current pillows against a large rock ('Hemorrhoid Rock', 'cuz it's a real P.I.T.A.), backing up the flow, making the hole even more sticky. The usual route is to start from well-to-the-right in the pool above, charging hard to the left as you hit the crest of the drop, trying to charge hard toward the eddy to river-left of the hole. Make sure to paddle out upon landing, lest you get sucked back into the hole! There are epic tales (and videos) of boaters who didn't quite make the eddy, leaving them and their boats recircing in the hole and the 'room-of-doom' on the right. Rescue is not easy from there.

Downstream, a great wealth of ledges, slides and falls await. As stated elsewhere in the general description, the best advice on almost everything is stay to the left on all major drops and gradient.

Alternate take-out

Class - N/A Mile - 1.83
Rapid Thumbnail Missing

Historically, many boaters would take out at the highway, forgoing the final series of gradient. Less adventurous boaters (or those who may have 'bitten off a bit more than they could chew' and who have been somewhat beaten-up by the river on their chosen day) may still wish to use this spot to get out.

Most boaters will want to continue under the highway and the railroad bridges (through random small ledges and wrapping waves) for a fantastic finish to the run.

Former USGS site

Class - N/A Mile - 1.84
Rapid Thumbnail Missing

USGS had a sampling site below Hwy.41, listing drainage of 47.9 square miles.

Middle Falls

Class - IV Mile - 1.93
Rapid Thumbnail Missing

The first big slide below the highway and railroad bridges (as has already been advised for much of this run) is usually run well to the left shore.

Lower Falls

Class - N/A Mile - 2
Rapid Thumbnail Missing

A brief rest brings up a second, lower-angle, round-the-bend (to the left) slide. Usual route on this is trying to stay to the center, angling to the left as the drop sweeps 'round the bend. Alternate route (with adequate water) is to stay to the right partway down, to drop a boof at the end.

Dam Drop

Class - IV Mile - 2.1
Rapid Thumbnail Missing

The final drop is an old dam. The shoulders of the dam remain (to left and right), so all water (at most flows) pours through a center notch and lands on reasonably 'cushioned' bedrock below. You will be pushed hard to the left, toward a wall of rock, and rebound to trip downstream over a few remaining small ledges, waves, and holes. The shores through here are vertical metal walls, until passing under a small bridge and out into the bay, where a beach allows easy exit from the river.

Comments

Summary of Gauge Readings

All the following is likely of negligible interest now that there is a USGS gauge on this river. However, we are keeping the info in place in case the Falls gauge happens to be of short duration. (New gauges often are funded only for a short time, to gather just a few years' data, then go unfunded.)



Visual at Hwy 41 bridge in L'Anse.

There was a metal plate gauge on the cement bridge foundation (river right) but it has largely deteriorated. There has been some meager attempt to paint a boater's gauge here as well. However, generally, if there appears enough water to get through the ledges visible upstream of and under the bridge, the run will be fine.

*Referenced gauge is for the Silver, about 8 miles to the NorthEast. Drainage area at that gauge is 64 square miles. Drainage area for the Falls at Hwy.41 (the site of the old gauge) is 48 square miles. Therefore, flow in the Falls might be expected to be approximately 3/4 that of the Silver.

Correlation is not assured, but often the Falls is runnable when the Silver is, particularly when things are on the way up. The Falls is likely to lose its water (and therefore runnability) before the Silver, so this gauge is likely to give false 'positives' when things are on the way back down.

Boaters are encouraged to provide additional input and 'datapoints' to fine tune the correlation.

Gauge NameReadingTimeComment
FALLS RIVER NEAR L'ANSE, MI
AW Gauge Info
196 cfs ℹ️ 97d10h46m Gauge (drainage area 44.2sq.mi.) is at former site of dam on this run, thus should very accurately reflect actual flows.
SILVER RIVER NEAR L'ANSE, MI
AW Gauge Info
8.98 ft 02h00m Reference gauge (nearby Silver River) should indicate likelihood of water in the area.
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Directions Description


The directions below route one across the river at the take-out. I'm not certain, but I don't think you can go that way. It is quite easy to head due east from the take-out on Main Street, to the main stop sign at Broad Street. Turn right and head uphill to the stop sign at Hwy.41 (by a gas station). Proceed as with the map's routing from there.

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