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Difficulty V
Length 8 Miles
Gauge San Joaquin Chawanakee Gorge
Flow Range 280 - 1000 CFS
Flow Rate as of: 3 weeks ago 7160 [CFS]
Reach Info Last Updated 03/07/2016 3:38 pm

River Description


Chawanakee Gorge may be one of the best 1 day, class 5 runs in California or in the USA, or in the northern hemisphere according to some of a team of boaters in 2003, who paddled this section to study the recreational potential and quality of the river. Others in the group just said, "Wow!" They reported that there are as many as 40 to 50 big drops in the 5.6 miles of river.

John Gangemi says, "If the creation myth is true, then God was a boater! Boating just can't get much better than Chawanakee. Mix up 50-60 Class IV to V drops, smooth Sierra granite domes, tributary waterfalls tumbling 400 feet into the gorge, lots of house-size boulders, water and you've got a paddler's mecca."

There were only a couple mandatory portages. All class 5 drops were potentially portagable, but some class 4+ drops might not have portage routes. Portages are sometimes over very large boulders.  First potential portage is an island rapid at ~mi 1.5 where a metal staircase come down from river left.  Beware the hole on the right channel and shallow rocks lurking in the landing of the left channel.  Second, potential portage is a steeper series of drops (substantial backed up ledge hole followed by a choked up boulder garden (beware sieves) in a slight left bend in the river, approx .75 mi below the stairs.  Third potential portage is a series of 3 drop pools. first is a pinch on the right with an ominous looking "tombstone" leaning against the left wall.  Fourth potential portage is very late in the run and is recognized by it's lack of boatable channels.  NOTE: at flows above 600-700 beware of holes in constricted bedrock gorges.
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Though the river is pool drop at the optimum flow, the difficult rapids are unrelenting, with amazing class 5 drop after class 5 drop.


There is a very pretty bicycle ride along the rim of this gorge on a gated, paved road. You can see perhaps 50% of the rapids from this road. There is also access between road and river by a stairway to a gauging station, about 1/3 of the way into the run. Escape from the gorge at other points would be very difficult.


American Whitewater continues to work with SCE to see that boaters have reasonable opportunities to paddle this reach.
 

Flows:

275 is boatable but more Southeastern than CA. 

400-500 is med-lo; Class V

600-700 med-hi w/ some V+

700-1000 V+

Above 1000 use your own judgement.  The road is always above you, but not often accessable.

Best guage: Southern California Edison (THANK YOU!)

Edison Big Creek Gauges

 

What to Expect:

Whitewater is similar in character to SF Yuba, NF Feather, etc.  Scenery is similar to Bald Rock.  Expect most experienced class V boaters to complete a blind run in ~6+ hours with lots of scouting both in and out of boats. 

 
Take-out: Italian Bar Road bridge across Reddinger reservoir. It would be nice to get out closer to the mouth of the river near the powerhouse, but there is no public access to the river or reservoir in that area. Paddle about 1.4 miles from the river across the reservoir to this bridge access point.

Put-in at the bridge at Mammoth powerhouse. Paddle down the reservoir about 1 mile, to the right side of the dam. Get out on rocks a few feet from the lip of the spill and walk across the spill to an awkward downclimb through bushes, poison oak, and over steep rock. Once at the water the difficulties begin.


The 8 miles given as total length of run includes 1 mile of flatwater to start, 5.6 miles of river and 1.4 miles of flatwater at the end.

Driving Directions: It really helps to have a good map of this area. From Fresno take highway 168 through Prather. Turn left onto Auberry Rd to Auberry. In Auberry, at the junction of Powerhouse Rd and Auberry Rd you have a choice of scenic routes. You can stay right on Auberry Rd, then in a few miles turn left onto Jose Basin Rd (towards Mono Winds Casino). Stay left in the small community and follow Jose Basin Rd to Chawanakee Flats and Redinger reservoir. Alternatively, in Auberry, you can bear left onto Powerhouse Rd and follow it to Kerchoff Reservoir. Just across the bridge at Kerchoff turn back right onto Road 235 which winds over a hill to Reddinger Reservoir. Continue a long ways around the reservoir past the junction with Rd 225 to Italian Bar Bridge.

From Reddinger to the put-in: Turn north onto Rd 225 towards North Fork. Turn right onto Minarets Road towards Mammoth Pool. Turn right onto forest service road 8S03. (if you see Clearwater ranger station, you have gone too far) Drive down this steep and very windy road to the Put-in.

From the north, take highway 99 to Madera. Exit at the Millerton Lake - Yosemite turnoff. In Madera turn left onto W. Cleveland Ave, then turn left onto E. Yosemite Ave / highway 145. Follow highway 145 east to Friant. Turn left on Friant Rd and follow signs to Prather and then Auberry.

----------------- More Comments --------------

Nathan Hunkapiller writes:
Chawanakee was a challenging and fantastic run. 350 cfs (if that's what we had) was a sufficient flow although 100 or 200 more wouldn't have hurt. A little extra would certainly have cleaned some drops up but may have made others more scary. It only felt bony in a few places. I think you were right about 350 cfs feeling a lot more like 600.

The scenery within the gorge is on a grand scale. Just amazing! It's such a steep walled gorge that once inside...you will be there till the end...except for a freakishly steep staircase that drops all the way down into the canyon at mile 1.6 courtesy of SCE. With the exception of all the powerlines that line the canyon rim, Chawanakee was very reminiscent of Bald Rock Canyon. The whitewater was certainly on a similar level. The definining character was pool drop with a relentless mix of boulder gardens, 6-10 foot ledges, and a few nice slides.

Around the end of the first mile, the gorge becomes very narrow and deep for about 1/4 mile. This was my favorite stretch, although it was certainly intimidating...see picture.

Around mile 3 the whitewater intensifies and one encounters a trilogy of BIG drops. Perhaps all of them are runnable with the right mindset but they looked pretty full on. Portaging this stretch was a serious undertaking and took us nearly 45 minutes. The Class V continues most of the rest of the run but eases considerably in the last mile.

Not including reservoir paddling, the two of us took about 6 hours to complete the run at perhaps an average pace. Prior knowledge of drops could reduce that by a few hours as there are somewhere in the range of 40-50 class IV-V drops. We were in and out of our boats countless times.
May 2, 2005 -------

Cgoold writes:
We did it this friday (July 28, 2006), with no 3000 cfs flow spikes or other insurmountable obstacles to report. for the record, we'd call the run a "hard 5/easy 5+" ranking at 680 cfs. Maybe the rapids aren't the hardest ever, but the walled-inness adds a healthy dose of stress. Will I be able to scout or portage this drop? Should I go to the next eddy? In my opinion, 1000 cfs is going to be full-on in here. then again, if you knew what was below all those horizon lines with smooth walls on either side, you'd be much more comfortable at higher flows.

Having done the run at roughly 350 and 680 (cfs), I think most class 5 boaters would prefer flows in the range 400-500 for a mellower run. Only a few of the rapids needed the extra juice of 680 to be good.

Stevenson creek had 300-350 cfs. the river's much less congested below this confluence though except for one rapid with a huge hole; call the run 5- below the confluence even at 1000 cfs.

In March of 2010, Kevin Smith reported that 950 cfs "was on the juicy side, but still a great flow- not pushy or overly sticky. It took us 5-6 hours start to finish moving at a consistent pace. We ran into an Edison employee at put in who was very courteous and helpful (checked flows for us). Be sure to bring your "A" game into this beautiful place."

A GUIDE TO THE BEST WHITEWATER IN THE STATE OF CA, HOLBEK & STANLEY, 1988

Rapid Descriptions

Comments

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Paul Martzen
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8 years ago

300 cfs is coming down Stevenson Creek to the halfway point in the gorge. This flow will continue till the middle of September.

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Chris Tulley
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9 years ago

280 is low but still good. Spring of 2010 -- SCE maintance providing sporadic day to day flows. We started w/ ~280 and ended w/ ~420 CFS. 280 was low but we all agreed well worth doing. Great mix of bedrock and boulder gardens. Similarities to SF Yuba, Tobin, MF Feather, Rubicon. Easy Class V. Expect 450-500 to be ideal first time class V flows. I expect I would be gripped at 1000. We hit the run twice in 2 days -- Day 1 was ~6 hours w/ lots of scouting. Day 2 was down to 3-4 hours. ~4 portages including (in order) "Taylors Tumble", Dragon's Back, Trilogy, and "No Doors". Scenery was outstanding! This run is a true classic (a big statement in CA). Predictable flows would cause an amazing transformation into a true whitewater destination.

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Paul Martzen
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9 years ago

Thomas M reported on Boof.com: "I got in there with two other friends on Saturday the 20th. According to DF we started with 600 and had a high spike of 1000 towards the end of the day. We all felt that the flows that day were great. I would guess that 600-900 is ideal. There were some big holes but there were many possible routes from super big to nice little sneak lines. In my opinion at our flow this is one of the best one day class V runs in Cali for sure! It felt like a combination of Purdons, Golden Gate, and Bald Rock. The character of this run is very consistent. You get to run awesome rapids all day."

Gage Descriptions

Daily Flows Realtime Flows Dreamflows Home
Show 30 Days

Show 3 Years

 

 

As of 2006, Edison is reporting real time flows in Chawanakee Gorge as San Joaquin River Above Willow Creek-Spi.  

Other reaches are linked at:  Flow and Reservoir Elevations

This is the spill over dam #6 at the entrance to Chawanakee Gorge and is usually the total flow.  There is a 3 cfs fish flow release from the base of the dam that continues at all times.  The fish flow is not shown on the gauge.  Several minor side streams add to the scenery but little to the flow. The exception is Stevenson Creek which enters the gorge about 2/3 of the way through. During spring spill periods, SCE often releases up to 350 cfs from Shaver Lake into Stevenson Creek. This will increase the flows in the last third of Chawanakee by that amount.   The rapids are said to be easier below Stevenson, so the increased flow may not be a problem.  During most of the year, releases into Stevenson are minimal.  
Optimum flows of 400 cfs to 700 cfs may occur at the beginning and end of spring spill periods, and during certain maintanance operations. Spills of 300 to 400 cfs also occur during some peak power generation periods.

Historical flow data for this reach can be found at USGS 11238600 Note that this data is daily averages, so some short low flow spikes could be boatable flows but only for a short portion of the day.

Flows in this reach may be erratic and boaters assume increased risk when they enter this gorge. Flows could cease unexpectedly or might rise beyond the boatable range. Boaters must have the skills and mental preparation to deal with either possibility in a sheer walled canyon with few escape routes.

 

Edison Big Creek Office phone #: 559-???????   Edison changes their phone number when it is posted here.

This USGS pdf schematic of the dams, diversions and gauges is helpful for understanding the plumbing system in this basin.  A similar USGS pdf Schematic of SF San Joaquin is also helpful. 

Permits

NA

Directions Description


We have no additional detail on this route. Use the map below to calculate how to arrive to the main town from your zipcode.

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Alerts

News

article main photo

Help Protect S. Sierra Whitewater Rivers (CA)!

8/4/2016
Megan Hooker

This summer the Sierra, Sequoia and Inyo National Forests are seeking feedback from the public on their update and revisions to Forest Management Plans. These plans set the stage for how the forest will be managed for the next 20 years. Unfortunately, the agency's draft analysis on Wild and Scenic Rivers has largely neglected whitewater recreation values of classic whitewater rivers, including Dinkey Creek. Paddler's voices are important in this process! The deadline to comment is August 25th.

article main photo

AW Recommends California Rivers for Wild and Scenic

2/9/2016
Megan Hooker

Last week, American Whitewater recommended that the U.S. Forest Service assess whether numerous whitewater rivers in California are eligible for Wild and Scenic status. The agency is currently revising Forest Plans for the Inyo, Sequoia and Sierra National Forests, and this process provides an opportunity to evaluate rivers for whether they are eligible for Wild and Scenic designation. If a river is found eligible through this process, the Forest Service protects the values that could make it worthy for Wild and Scenic designation, including its free-flowing characteristics. 
article main photo

New Flows For the San Joaquin

4/19/2007
Dave Steindorf

American Whitewater has signed another important settlement in California.  This agreement will restore flows, remove small dams and provide public flow information on the San Joaquin. 
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Paul Martzen

Revisions

Revision #Revision DateAuthorComment
1190083 01/26/09 Paul Martzen n/a
1195554 06/24/09 Paul Martzen
1197477 04/09/10 Paul Martzen Added Big Creek phone number
1195024 05/22/09 Paul Martzen
1195025 05/22/09 Paul Martzen
1197418 03/22/10 Paul Martzen
1197729 05/25/10 Paul Martzen added USGS schematic
1205892 03/07/16 Paul Martzen Updated Edison gauge links