Put in: Cachagua County Park is near the base of Los Padres Dam.
Other Information Sources: Bill Tuthill's California CreekinCarmel River Watershed ConservancyCarmel River Steelhead Association
Loma Prieta Paddlers club is centered in the San Jose area, but they have members in the Santa Cruz and Monterey/Carmel area.
Water Rights and Water Use of Carmel River: California American Water owns the main water rights to the Carmel River and they own Los Padres reservoir and San Clemente reservoir. They are a wholly owned subsidiary of American Water, which is the largest private water company in the USA. They are listed on the New York Stock Exchange.
CalAmWater gets water from the river, by diverting some at San Clemente Dam, but mostly by pumping water from 21 wells along side the river.
A State Water Resources Control Board, order to stop unauthorized, excess pumping in 2008.pdf contains some background information about CalAmWater rights to Carmel river water. "5. On July 6, 1995, the State Water Board also adopted Order WR 95-10 regarding four complaints filed against Cal-Am. The Order required Cal-Am to terminate unlawful diversions from the Carmel River and to comply with specified conditions. The State Water Board found that Cal-Am has legal rights to divert 3,376 afa of water from the Carmel River, after taking into consideration the reduced capacity of Los Padres Reservoir due to sedimentation. (Order 95-10, p. 25.) Cal-Am’s rights to divert 3,376 afa from the Carmel River consist of 1,137 afa of pre-1914 appropriative + 60 afa of riparian + 2,179 afa under License 11866 (Application 11674A). 6. Order 95-10 and D-1632 were both later amended by Orders 98-04 and 2002-02 to allow: 1) direct diversion and diversion to storage throughout the year from the Carmel River at times when flows were physically available over and above fish flow requirements; 2) that the total quantity of water originating in the Carmel River diverted to beneficial use by Cal-Am and MPWMD could not exceed 16,000 af; and 3) that Cal-Am would cease withdrawals of water from the San Clemente Dam and reduce diversions from production well facilities located in Subunit 2 of the Carmel River during low flow periods of the year, except during an emergency. The 16,000 af identified by Order 98-04 includes rights established by License 11866, Permit 7130B, Application 27614, Application 30215, pre-1914 appropriative and riparian rights. 7. In 1995, Cal-Am was diverting about 14,106 afa of water from the Carmel River to supply water to approximately 100,000 people in the greater Monterey Peninsula area. (Order 95-10, p. 1) 8. In Order WR 95-10, the State Water Board found that Cal-Am’s diversions were having an adverse effect on: (a) the riparian corridor downstream of river mile 18.5; (b) wildlife dependent upon the corridor; and (c) steelhead and other fish that inhabited the river. (Order WR 95-10, pp. 25-8, 33-34.) There continues to be an annual drawdown or drying of the Carmel River in the area upstream of the Highway 1 bridge. Because Cal-Am is the largest diverter of water on the river, this drawdown of the river is attributable, at least in part, to Cal-Am’s illegal diversions from the Carmel River. Cal-Am’s pumping from the subterranean stream contributes to the reduction of surface flow. This reduction of flows creates segregated small pools of water that trap and strand steelhead and other fish which inhabit the river. The potential for substantially higher steelhead mortality is mitigated by volunteers from the local community who make two sweeps of the river annually to rescue stranded steelhead. Nevertheless, there are adverse effects on steelhead and other fish caused by the river drawdown."
Monterey's Coastal Water Project Details the ideas for supplying water to the Monterey peninsula while complying with the State Water Board orders listed above.
San Clemente Dam Removal: Appearantly this dam need extensive upgrades to meet earthquake safety standards which could cost in the range of 55 million dollars. There are serious discussions and efforts aimed at removing the dam instead, costing around 100 million dollars. Information from Ventura River Ecosystems.
The Carmel River Dam and Reservoir Project has been proposed and studied since the mid 1990's. Don't know the status and progress of this proposal.
Fall 2008 Stage-Volume Relationship for Los Padres Reservoir, Carmel River, California .pdf
They are finally removing the dam!
Last weekend 2-21-05 a hard sheller died on this stretch I do not know the details I read the article in the Santa Cruz Sentinel. He was with three other boaters and the river was pretty high and rising.
Letter providing AW's input on the Carmel River Reroute and San Clemente Dam Removal Project.
Flow min/max based on the recommendation by Bill Tuthill (see below).
It is not clear if or when the flow at the gage is mostly from the reservoirs or from side streams below the reservoirs. Los Padres reservoir does not divert any water from the river, but only stores it for summer use. San Clemente reservoir does divert some water so river flows below San Clemente should be somewhat less than river flows above.
Permits are not required for this reach.
We have no additional detail on this route.
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