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Authors & Methodology Navigability Toolkit©


  • Jay Kenney, AW Board Member and CO Attorney
  • Jason Robertson, Former AW Access Director
  • Curt Fish, AW Volunteer and DC/ME Attorney
  • Rich Hoffman, Former AW Access Director
  • Steven Ledbetter, AW Legal Intern



The authors of this document researched materials from Federal and State case law and statutes from all 50 states. The information in the First Edition was collected between 1997 and 2000, and Shephardized prior to publication. Researchers collected the information from law libraries, on-line legal services, and attorneys in the field. This material was updated as appropriate.

In 2007 a team of attorneys at Morgan, Lewis & Bockius LLP reviewed the entire Navigability Toolkit to assure that it is accurate and up to date. The team updated each state with recent court cases and provided editing for all 50 states. They also added a new analysis for Puerto Rico. We are deeply appreciative of this significant donation of legal assistance! In the fall of 2007 we published the Second Edition of the Navigability Toolkit based on the work of the great team at Morgan, Lewis & Bockius LLP

Far too many people to thank individually volunteered their time and energy on this project, for which American Whitewater is sincerely grateful.

We hope to keep the Toolkit as current as possible, and we encourage submissions of relevant cases to AW staff.